What is a coastal brownfield?
A brownfield is a former commercial or industrial property where redevelopment may be complicated by contamination. A coastal brownfield, also called a “portfield,” is a brownfield in a port or harbor area. Industries were historically located in these areas for access to the water for transportation, power, and cooling.
Coastal brownfields can be contaminated by hazardous substances and can pose a threat to the marine environment and sensitive coastal resources. Contaminated areas may cause an increase in human health problems. Instead of re-using old industrial areas, new development may move away from city centers, resulting in urban sprawl. Coastal brownfields can lead to lower property values and unemployment in surrounding neighborhoods. Before they are re-used, these sites must be cleaned up and determined to be safe from contamination.
Coastal brownfields can become environmentally sound port facilities or revitalized waterfront areas and expand local economies. They can also provide locations for manufacturing, shipping, international trade, and tourism. Redeveloped coastal brownfields can preserve valuable green space and restore coastal resources.
This description is based on the information found in the Web links listed with this topic.
Web Links from MedlinePlus (National Library of Medicine)
About Coastal Brownfields (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
Coastal Brownfields home page (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
Portfields: Charting a Course for Port Revitalization (Environmental Protection Agency) (PDF — 1.42 MB)
Chemicals in Brownfields
Are these chemicals in MY community?
Bisphenol A (BPA)
Perchloroethylene (PCE, PERC)
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs)
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
Last Updated: November 19, 2013