What is it?
Styrene is a flammable liquid that is used to make polystyrene plastics, fiberglass, rubber, and latex. It occurs naturally in some fruits, vegetables, meats, nuts, and beverages.
Styrene is used to make:
- Automobile parts
- Printing cartridges and copy machine toner
- Food containers
- Carpet backing
- Floor waxes and polishes
Cigarette smoke and vehicle exhaust contain styrene.
Where is Styrene found?
- Consumer products – cigarettes, and many packaging, household, and building products
- Air – emissions from styrene-based products, cigarettes, vehicle exhaust, and copy machines
- Food and water – containing styrene from naturally occurring sources or contamination
How can I be exposed to Styrene?
Styrene commonly enter(s) the body through:
- Swallowing food or water contaminated with styrene. Styrene may leach from polystyrene containers used for food, but the levels are low.
- Smoking cigarettes, or breathing cigarette smoke, secondhand smoke, or emissions from vehicles, copy machines, or building materials
- Touching products made with styrene
What happens when I am exposed to Styrene?
Exposure to styrene can cause:
- Irritation to the eyes, skin, and nose
- Gastrointestinal effects
- Respiratory effects
Long-term exposure to styrene can cause:
- Central nervous system and kidney effects
- Fatigue and weakness
- Hearing loss
- Balance and concentration problems
Who is at risk for exposure to Styrene?
- Some food, packaging materials, and consumer and building products contain styrene.
- Cigarette smokers
- Cigarette smoke and secondhand smoke contain styrene.
Reduce your risk
If you think your health has been affected by exposure to styrene, contact your health care professional.
Always wash your hands thoroughly after handling chemicals. For poisoning emergencies or questions about possible poisons, please contact your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.
- Do you, or does anyone in your household, smoke tobacco products?
- Do you eat food packaged in polystyrene containers?
- Do you use well water?
- Do you live near an industrial facility, hazardous waste site, landfill, or incinerator that handles styrene?
- How frequently are you exposed to vehicle exhaust?
- Do you live near a busy highway?
- Do you have a home copy machine?
- If you smoke, quit. Avoid secondhand smoke.
- Routinely test your well water for styrene.
- If your well water contains styrene levels above EPA’s drinking water advisory levels:
- Limit your time near idling cars, trucks, or buses.
- Use a home copy machine only when needed and turn it off when finished.
- Keep the room with the copier well ventilated.
- Don’t let children play near gas stations, idling cars, or busy highways.
- Keep children away from products that contain styrene.
National Library of Medicine Resources and Databases
- Styrene. Hazardous Substances Data Bank
Search results on styrene from a toxicology database that focuses on the toxicology of potentially hazardous chemicals.
(National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences)
Answers to questions about styrene exposure, associated adverse health effects, and links to additional resources from a federal institute that investigates the interplay between environmental exposures, human biology, genetics, and common diseases to help prevent disease and improve human health.
(Environmental Protection Agency)
Factsheet with answers to frequently asked questions about styrene, including its health effects, regulations for its presence in drinking water, as well as information on how it gets into and is removed from drinking water.
(Environmental Protection Agency)
Resource about styrene, including physical properties, sources of potential exposure, uses, and health hazard information.
- Styrene. ToxFAQs
(Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry)
Factsheet with answers to the most frequently asked questions about styrene exposure and its effect on human health developed by a federal public health agency that protects communities from harmful health effects related to exposure to natural and man-made hazardous substances.